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Malta

Turret, Valetta

Ramparts of Senglea, one of the 3 cities facing Valetta

Valetta from the sea at sunset

View of the German curtain with the dome of the Carmelite Church (rebuilt after war, original by Gerolamo Cassar in 1573) and St Paul's Anglican Cathedral, 1839 - 1841, by Richard Lankersheer in the background

Monument to Gorg Borg Olivier, Valetta

Prime Minister of Malta 1950 - 1955 and 1962 - 1971; view against the light

Valetta at sunrise

Aerial view

Traditional rowboat of Valetta

At the entrance of the channel between Valetta and the 3 cities (Vittoriosa, Senglea and Cospicua)

Valetta from the sea at sunset

View of the German curtain with St Paul's Anglican Cathedral, 1839 - 1841, by Richard Lankersheer and the dome of the Carmelite Church (rebuilt after war, original by Gerolamo Cassar in 1573) in the background

Megalithic complex of Mnajdra

Aerial view

Ggantija Temples, Gozo

Detail of the North temple, circa 3000 BC

Ggantija, North and South Temples, Gozo

Aerial view

Valetta at sunrise

Aerial view of the Lascaris war rooms, St Peter & St Paul counterguard and the Upper Barracca Gardens.

Church of St John the Baptist, Xewkija, Gozo

Aerial view

Hagar Qim Temple

Copper Age temple, about 2700 BC; detail of a "porthole", opening

Auberge de Castille, Leon and Portugal, Valetta

Detail of the imposing facade rebuilt by Domenico Cachia in 1744

Ggantija Temples, Gozo

South temple, 3600 BC; portals, built with a soft stone called "talfranka"

Palace Square, Valetta

Detail of a fountain in front of the Palace of the Grand Masters

Inhabited for over 7000 years since Neolithic times, remnants of the earliest civilisations still remain on the island in the form of large stone temples at Tarxien, Hagar Qim, Mnajdra, and Gozo. After the disappearance of the Neolithic culture around 2000BC, Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Romans conquered the island. In 1530 Charles V handed Malta over to the Knights. Napoleon attacked and conquered the island in 1798 but by 1800 the Maltese forces and the British Navy, led by Nelson, drove the French out. The British Throne took over Malta and for 160 years ruled the Islands. In 1964 Independence was granted and Malta became a neutral republic.