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Notre Dame de Paris, France

Nave, transept, bell towers

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

Kings’ Gallery, rose window and spire, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully, with the Small Bridge in the foreground

Western facade

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Nave and South transept

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Rose Window

9.60 m in diameter, circa 1225, centre of the Western facade, forming a halo above a statue of the Virgin with Child between two angels

Western facade

12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Chevet

Detail of the apse, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

Portal of the last judgment, 1220-1250, central cathedral door

Ile de la Cite

General view with Notre Dame de Paris in the middle, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Notre Dame de Paris by night

View of the chevet and transept, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Ile de la Cite

General view with Notre Dame de Paris, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Western facade

Kings' Gallery and the statue of the Virgin with Child between two angels, 12th to 14th century, initiated by the bishop Maurice de Sully

Begun in 1163 by the architect Maurice de Sully and completed in about 1345, Notre Dame ranks as one of France's finest examples of Gothic architecture. During its long life, besides being a resplendent medieval cathedral, Notre Dame was reportedly set on fire during the Commune of 1871, when the Communards rose against the French government in the wake of their defeat during the Franco-Prussian war. It has also been the site of many historical events, including the crowning of Henry VI of England in 1430 and the marriage of the Catholic Marguerite de Valois to the Huguenot (Protestant) Henri of Navarre in 1572.