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The Maya World, Mexico

The Pyramid of Kukulcan

The Pyramid of Kukulcan, called El Castillo (The Castle), 26 meters high, square base of 55,5 meters per side, each of the four sides, which represent the four cardinal points, is "cut" in two by a staircase with 91 steps, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Pyramid of Kukulcan

The Pyramid of Kukulcan, called El Castillo (The Castle), 26 meters high, square base of 55,5 meters per side, each of the four sides, which represent the four cardinal points, is "cut" in two by a staircase with 91 steps, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Platform of the Eagles and the Jaguars

Head of serpent, Temple of the Eagles and the jaguars, square platform with a staircase on each side, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 A.D., Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Pyramid of Kukulcan

The Pyramid of Kukulcan, called El Castillo (The Castle), 26 meters high, square base of 55,5 meters per side, each of the four sides, which represent the four cardinal points, is "cut" in two by a staircase with 91 steps, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Platform of the Eagles and the Jaguars

Serpent's Heads, Platform of the Eagles and the Jaguars with the Pyramid of Kukulcan in the distance, Toltec Architecture, 1100-1300 A.D., Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Pyramid of Kukulcan

Serpent head, at the bottom of the staircase, The Pyramid of Kukulcan, called El Castillo (The Castle), 26 meters high, square base of 55,5 meters per side, each of the four sides, which represent the four cardinal points, is "cut" in two by a staircase with 91 steps, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Temple of the Warriors

Temple of the Warriors, big building (outer temple), including the altar dedicated to the infinite harmony of the infinite cosmos, inside which there is a substructure (inner temple) known as the Chac Mool, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Church

The Church, one-storey building with a vaulted ceiling, with a mask of the god of the rain, Chaac in the centre of the fašade and at the two corners, the two niches on the right and on the left of the mask of the god Chaac in the centre contain the four bacabs (meant to support the sky at the four cardinal points) symbolized by the tortoise, the crab, the shell and the squirrel, 800-900 AD, Puuc architecture, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Ball Court

Wall of the Game of Ball, with the Ring shaped like coiled serpents, Ball Court, Toltec Architecture, 900-1100 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Ball Court

Ring shaped like coiled serpents, Wall of the Game of Ball, 900-1100 AD, Toltec Architecture, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Square of the Thousand Columns

Square of the Thousand Columns, 900-1200 AD, adjoining the Temple of the Warriors on the eastern plaza of the central plain of Chichen Itza, each of the pillars represents a Quetzalcaan who has reached the highest levels of knowledge, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

Temple of the Warriors

Entrance to the outer Temple of the Warriors with hundreds of pillars, each of which represents a Quetzalcaan who has reached the highest levels of knowledge, Toltec architecture, 1100-1300 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Observatory, El Caracol

The Astronomical Observatory, called El Caracol (Snail) because of the spiral staircase inside it, rectangular platform of 67 meters from north to south and 52 meters from east to west with a cylindrical tower standing on it, about 16 meters high, Toltec architecture, 900-1100 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Observatory, El Caracol

The Astronomical Observatory, called El Caracol (Snail) because of the spiral staircase inside it, rectangular platform of 67 meters from north to south and 52 meters from east to west with a cylindrical tower standing on it, about 16 meters high, Toltec architecture, 900-1100 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

The Observatory, El Caracol

The Astronomical Observatory, called El Caracol (Snail) because of the spiral staircase inside it, rectangular platform of 67 meters from north to south and 52 meters from east to west with a cylindrical tower standing on it, about 16 meters high, Toltec architecture, 900-1100 AD, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico.

3000 years of history, a monumental architecture, an iconography of sacrifice. The first settlements of the Mayas with permanent structures began in the Early Preclassic Period around 1000 BC. Maya culture reached its developmental peak during what is known as the Classic Period (AD 200 to 900). After it began a period of decline until their complete disappearing which saved them from the Spanish colonization.